• Categoría: Artículo
  • Título: P-NIPAM in water-acetone mixtures: Experiments and simulations
  • Autor (es): H. A. Pérez- Ramírez, C. Haro-Pérez, E. Vázquez-Contreras, J. Klapp, G. Bautista-Carbajal and G. Odriozola,
  • Revista: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
  • Volumen:
  • Páginas:
  • Formato: Enlace
  • Subido por: Catalina Ester

P-NIPAM in water-acetone mixtures: Experiments and simulations

H. A. Pérez- Ramírez, C. Haro-Pérez, E. Vázquez-Contreras, J. Klapp, G. Bautista-Carbajal and G. Odriozola,

The lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the poly-N-Isopropylacrylamide (p-NIPAM) is diminished when a small volume of acetone is added to the aqueous polymer solution, and then increases for further additions, producing a minimum at a certain acetone concentration. Here this behavior is observed through the variation of the hydrodynamic radius RH of p-NIPAM microgels with temperature, measured by dynamic light scattering, when adding increasing amounts of acetone in the molar fraction range of 0.00 to 0.25. This size trend of microgels with temperature is well captured by all-atom molecular dynamic simulations, which are implemented for a single 30-mer, at similar solvent and temperature conditions. Both, DLS measurements and simulations show that the shrunken state continuously augments its size with increasing acetone content. This, in turn, leads to a minimum of the globule-to-coil transition temperature, which should correspond to the minimum of LCST. Furthermore, density profiles, as obtained by considering a membrane arrangement of oligomers, reveal a preferential interaction of the polymer with acetone in detriment of water. We observe how the membrane looses water content as temperature is increased while keeping a similar amount of acetone in its interior. This water substitution by acetone takes place specially at the inner coordination shell of p-NIPAM and plays a mayor role on the dependence of the critical temperature with acetone concentration